The museum collections that today form the cultural heritage of the History Section are closely related to the establishment of the Society of History and Archeology in Timişoara, in the 70s of the 19th century. For almost 135 years, the historical-archeological patrimony of the institution was a common one, the separation of the two collections occurring in 2006 following the administrative reorganization of the Banat Museum. Since that year, the History Section has been operating as an independent entity and holds in its patrimony over 100,000 cultural assets with a great historical and memorialistic value, both for the Banat area and for the history of Romania.
Today, the patrimony of the History Section includes valuable museum collections: documents and old books; sealing matrices; historical textiles; numismatic collection; weapons collection; science and technology collection; engravings and maps; photographs and clichés on glass; guild items etc.
In the organizational structure of the History Section is also the Museum Library, which in turn holds tens of thousands of books and specialized magazines, to which is added the old book collection and the press collection.
The Department operates specialists in medieval history, modern and contemporary history, as well as accredited experts in numismatics, medals and weapons. The staff of the Section has in its organizational chart a management position and eight other executive positions: a scientific researcher, five museographers, a museographer-librarian and a curator.